Learn How to Research any GIS Topic
Researching any GIS (Geographic Information Systems) topic effectively requires a systematic approach and access to relevant resources. Here's a general guide on how to research GIS topics: 1. Define Your Research Topic:
Clearly define the specific GIS topic or question you want to explore. Having a well-defined research question will help you focus your efforts.
2. Identify Your Information Needs:
Determine the type of information you need. Are you looking for basic information, data sources, case studies, academic research, or practical solutions to a problem?
3. Utilize Online Resources:
Search Engines: Start with popular search engines like Google. Use specific keywords related to your GIS topic. For example, if you're researching "GIS data visualization techniques," use those keywords in your search query.
Academic Databases: Access academic databases such as Google Scholar, IEEE Xplore, JSTOR, and others to find peer-reviewed articles and research papers related to your topic.
GIS Websites: Explore websites of GIS software providers (e.g., Esri, QGIS) and GIS-related organizations (e.g., URISA, AGI) for whitepapers, case studies, and resources.
4. Use Advanced Search Techniques:
Employ advanced search techniques to refine your results. This includes using quotation marks for exact phrases, Boolean operators (AND, OR, NOT), and specifying file types or domains.
5. Review and Assess Sources:
Evaluate the credibility and relevance of the sources you find. Consider the author's qualifications, publication date, the source's reputation, and whether it's peer-reviewed.
6. Access GIS Journals:
Explore GIS-specific journals like the "International Journal of Geographic Information Science" or "GIScience & Remote Sensing" for in-depth research articles.
7. Explore GIS Forums and Communities:
GIS forums like GIS Stack Exchange or Reddit's GIS subreddit can be valuable for finding answers to specific questions or getting recommendations from experienced GIS professionals.
8. Visit University Libraries:
If you have access to a university library, visit it to access GIS books, journals, and specialized databases. Librarians can also provide assistance in locating GIS resources.
9. Seek Government Sources:
Government agencies often provide valuable GIS data and reports. Check websites of agencies like the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), or local GIS departments.
10. Attend GIS Conferences and Workshops:
Attend GIS conferences and workshops to learn about the latest research and developments in the field. These events often feature presentations and posters on various GIS topics.
11. Join GIS Organizations:
Consider joining professional GIS organizations like URISA, AAG, or GITA. These organizations often offer resources, publications, and access to networks of GIS experts.
12. Document and Organize Information:
Keep detailed notes on the sources you consult, including publication information, URLs, and key points. Organize your information in a way that's easy to reference later.
13. Synthesize Information:
Analyze and synthesize the information you've gathered to form a comprehensive understanding of your GIS topic. Identify key findings, trends, and gaps in the literature.
14. Write and Cite:
If your research requires a written report or paper, cite your sources properly using a recognized citation style (e.g., APA, MLA, Chicago).
15. Stay Updated:
GIS is a rapidly evolving field. Stay current by subscribing to GIS newsletters, following relevant blogs, and regularly checking for new research and publications.
Remember that effective research often involves an iterative process, where you continually refine your search strategies and sources as you gain deeper insights into your GIS topic. Additionally, don't hesitate to seek guidance and assistance from experts or librarians if you encounter challenges during your research.